- First Steps to Smoke-free: indoor air quality study findings
- First Steps to Smoke-free: a Lanarkshire perspective
Lynn Adams & Tracy Henderson
- The future of air quality feedback
Sean Semple, Rachel O'Donnell, Ruaraidh Dobson
- Smoke-free prisons in Scotland
- Developing a harm-reduction approach to protect children from second-hand smoke (update)
Rachel O’Donnell & Neneh Rowa-Dewar
- Health & Social Care Workers’ second-hand smoke exposure in homes
Sean Semple, Colin Anderson & Karen Mather
- Healthy Valleys smoke-free streets
NHS Lanarkshire are hosting a smoke-free homes network workshop and event at 13.30 on Monday 21 January 2019.
The main focus of the workshop is to present published findings on air quality feedback interventions, and to have an open discussion on how we as a network can learn from these findings and take indoor air quality monitoring forward locally and nationally. We currently have a proposed programme (below) however we are open to ideas from delegates to present short presentations or offer discussion topics.
PLEASE RESPOND TO: firstname.lastname@example.org BY MONDAY 19TH NOVEMBER 2018 TO CONFIRM YOUR PLACE.
Thanks to all who attended the Smoke-free Homes Workshop in Kuala Lumpur in May. A lot of learning went on, and I think we all came away excited about the future of this research area.
We're delighted to report that the "Kuala Lumpur Charter on Smoke-free Homes" has been published as a blog post by Tobacco Control. The Charter highlights the need for continued research on smoke-free homes and numerous research
gaps which need to be filled in the future.
Presentations from the workshop can be downloaded below (in PDF or Powerpoint format).
Welcome and plan for the day (Dr Sean Semple)
Why are smoke-free homes important and how can we increase the number of smoke-free homes? (Prof Amanda Amos)
Children’s exposure to SHS in Malaysia (Dr Emilia Abidin)
A review on tobacco control in Malaysia (Dr Emilia Abidin)
Using air quality feedback to empower parents to protect their children from SHS (Dr Sean Semple)
Ramadan- Seizing the divine opportunity towards smoking cessation (Dr Suriani Ismail)
Measuring for change: air quality feedback to reduce SHS exposure in homes (Dr Rachel O'Donnell & Ruaraidh Dobson)
Changing social norms (Prof Amanda Amos & Dr Rachel O'Donnell)
How do we improve the proportion of smoke-free homes in Malaysia and the UK? (group discussion)
Summary of the day (Dr Emilia Abidin and Dr Sean Semple)
Advice on getting published (Dr Sean Semple)
What research would you fund on smoke-free homes? (group discussion)
Engaging with policy makers and the media about the need for smoke-free homes:
the UK perspective (Dr Sean Semple)
Primary care healthcare professionals’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards promoting the reduction of children’s secondhand smoke exposure (Jaidev Kaur)
Developing a harm-reduction approach to protect children from second-hand smoke: A pilot study with parents and practitioners (Dr Neneh Rowa-Dewer & Dr Rachel O'Donnell)
Randomised control trial to establish smoke free homes (Lim Kuang Hock)
Secondhand Smoke Campaigns and Initiatives (Irene Stewart)
The Kuala Lumpur 2018 position statement on smoke-free homes (group discussion)
Providing visual feedback on SHS levels (Dr Sean Semple)
Using air quality monitors to measure second-hand smoke in homes (Ruaraidh Dobson)
Setting a target for smoke-free homes (Dr Sean Semple)
Not just homes – smoke-free prisons (Dr Leah Jayes)
Summary, thank you and until next time… (Dr Emilia Abidin and Dr Sean Semple)
Under the Researcher Links scheme offered within the Newton Fund, the British Council and the Academy of Sciences Malaysia (ASM) will be holding a workshop on the above theme in Kuala Lumpur on 8-10 May 2018. The workshop is being coordinated by Professor Sean Semple from the University of Stirling in Scotland, and Dr Emilia Abidin from Universiti Putra Malaysia, and will have contributions from other leading researchers including Professor Amanda Amos (University of Edinburgh), Professor Kamran Siddiqi (University of York), Professor Noor Hassim (National University of Malaysia) and Professor Zailina Hashim (Universiti Putra Malaysia).
We are now inviting Early Career Researchers from the UK and Malaysia to apply to attend this workshop. All travel and accommodation expenses will be covered by the Newton Researcher Links programme. The application form, with more details on the initiative, is attached and should be sent to email@example.com (UK applicants) or firstname.lastname@example.org (Malaysian applicants) before the deadline of 5pm (GMT) on Friday 16th February 2018.
Measuring for Change is a pre-post study that will take place in four European countries, testing a novel air quality feedback intervention. The study, led by the University of Aberdeen, runs from 2016-2018. It uses a new low-cost air quality monitor and innovative text- and email-based feedback on the impact of smoking on indoor air quality to motivate behaviour change and encourage parents to make their homes smoke-free. This targeted intervention, for use with socio-economically deprived smokers, will be tested in 200 households in total, across Scotland, Spain, Greece and Italy. The University of Aberdeen is currently finalising the software that will be used in the study, and recruitment will begin during May 2017. Measuring for Change was granted ethical approval in February 2017 from the University of Aberdeen’s College of Life Sciences and Medicine Ethical Review Board (application number CERB/2016/12/1412).
The University of Aberdeen is also involved in Work Package 2 of TackSHS, which is being led by colleagues in Catalonia. The main goal of this study is to assess the environmental levels of SHS in non-regulated settings such as private (home/car) and outdoor settings (terraces of hospitality venues, playparks and school entrances). This work is being conducted across 12 European countries (Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain and United Kingdom) representing geographical, legislative (country-specific smoke-free policies) and cultural variations across Europe. A total of 1,080 environmental measurements of airborne nicotine will be collected. Work Package 2 received ethical approval from The Clinical Research Ethical Committee of the Parc de Salut Mar, Barcelona (application number 2016/6725/1) in June 2016.
In Aberdeen, we have applied for local ethical approval to measure environmental levels of SHS in Edinburgh and the Lothians. We anticipate that work will begin on this in April 2017.
The TackSHS project is funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Programme (Grant No 681040).
Making air quality feedback work for parents is a complex problem, and we’ve learned a lot from some recent studies we’ve carried out.
One thing we found during the First Steps to Smoke-free project was that feedback could give participants useful information, and it could motivate people to make change, but that many participants just didn’t have the opportunity to smoke outside.
In both FS2SF and our recent AFRESH project, we’ve come up against the limits of the technology we’ve been using. Dylos DC1700 monitors perform well, but they can be difficult and time-consuming to download data from. That made it difficult to run interventions, as support workers needed to visit the participant many times to deliver and collect the monitor. Consequently, participants only ever receive information about their home once or twice, in the form of a printed report. That information can be days or even weeks old, which might make it seem less relevant and not as impactful as it could be.
To work on these challenges, we’re now beginning a new study with a different design to previous interventions. We intend to focus on people who have the opportunity to make change – those who don’t have an insurmountable barrier to smoking outside (such as living on the 13th floor of a high rise with no partner to help look after a child).
We’ve been testing a number of new internet-connected air quality monitors which will allow us to give immediate feedback to participants every day by SMS message. We’ll supplement that with emails about air quality each week and a phone call from a researcher, using material from the AFRESH study to explore ways to keep a smoke-free home. We hope that, over a 30 day period, this advice will help give participants a clearer picture of how smoking indoors can harm their children, and encourage them to take it right outside.
This study is part of the cross-EU TackSHS project, funded by the Horizon 2020 programme of the European Commission.
Thank you to everyone who made it to the very interesting meeting on 13 December. Some of the slides are available below.
The next SFHN meeting will take place from 11AM - 2PM on Monday 16 May, at ASH Scotland, 8 Frederick Street, Edinburgh EH2 2HB (map below).
Download the agenda for the meeting.
Thanks to everyone who made it along to the SFHN meeting in Edinburgh last month. We had some really good discussions and heard about some exciting work.
You can find links to the presentations below.
Sean Semple - How much fine particulate do you inhale if you live with a smoker who smokes indoors?
Ruaraidh Dobson - AFRESH
Tracy Henderson - First steps to smoke-free
The Scottish Government's successful Take it Right Outside campaign on second-hand smoke is due to run again this Autumn. The core messages and images will remain the same, reflecting the campaign's impact during its first tranche. But the Government is keen to sharpen the message that SHS lingers for up to five hours, to retarget the campaign towards harder-to-reach audiences, and, in particular, to give advice on overcoming barriers to taking smoking outside.
If any SFHN partners have views on these issues, or particularly knowledge about the barriers to smoking outdoors, then please get in touch with Claire Prentice at the Scottish Government or with other SFHN partners to share your thoughts.
Sean Semple - I'm an Associate Professor at the University of Stirling in Scotland. One of my research interests is measuring second-hand smoke and how we can use those measurements to encourage smoke-free environments.